Leary, M. R. Sociometer theory and the pursuit of relational value: Getting to the root of self-esteem. European Review of Social Psychology, Sociometer theory is a theory put forward by Mark Leary in , proposing that humans have evolved a form of psychological meter, or gauge. Sociometer theory proposes that self-esteem is a psychological gauge of the . in which people appear to seek to enhance their self-esteem (Leary et al., ).

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Image Gallery Photo of Mark Leary 0. British Journal of Medical Psychology70, Justice Theory Chapter Natural selection favored individuals who maintained close bonds with groups, because leqry attachment provided security and facilitated reproduction.

Mark Leary

Shackelford uncovered results that accord with these propositions. A study was conducted to see just how much people depend on peers and outside factors and relational values to regulate their life. For example, to manipulate rejection, some individuals wrote about a time in which they were rejected. More recently, I have become interested in the negative effects of self-reflection and in hypo-egoic states that minimize these negative effects. In addition to research that bridges topics of interest to social and clinical-counseling psychologists, I wrote a book with Rowland Miller on “Social Psychology and Dysfunctional Behavior” edited a volume with Robin Kowalski on “The Social Psychology of Emotional and Behavioral Problems: Visitors are welcome to copy or use any files for noncommercial or journalistic purposes provided they credit the profile holder and cite this page as the source.


Higgins Handbook of theories of social psychology: Peer rejection and adolescent materialism: One of these behaviors is the accrual of materials. Sociometer theory is a theory of self-esteem from an evolutionary psychological perspective that proposes that state self-esteem is a gauge or sociometer of interpersonal relationships.

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A low self esteem, therefore, elicits behaviors that are intended to preserve relationships and preclude or accommodate rejection. A great deal of human behavior is, in part, determined or sciometer by people’s concerns with others’ impressions and evaluations of them.

Minimal social interactions lead to belonging and positive affect.

Finally, as Dickerson, Gruenewald, and Kemeny discuss, these social rheory also affect proinflammatory immune activity. Self-Verification Theory Chapter Sociometer Thekry Chapter Interdependence Theory Chapter Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology14, Overview According to the sociometer hypothesis, when individuals feel rejected-or anticipate they might be excluded in the future-they experience a specific profile of feelings, manifested as a decline in self esteem e.

When self esteem is low, individuals experience a profound urge to be embraced, not rejected, and for example might attempt to lose weight rapidly, provoking some eating disorders. Determinants of belonging Many cues and circumstances can instil a sense of belonging. Both groups consisted of college students that submitted socimeter were subjected to a peer evaluation. Shame, physiology, and health.

According to the sociometer model, these cues and circumstances should also enhance self-esteem. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology siciometer, 74, Note from the Network: Self-esteem as an interpersonal monitor: For example, we have been studying egoic overreactions to inconsequential evenhts, self-compassion, mindfulness, and processes involved in hypo-egoic self-regulation.


Overview Sociometed Publications Teaching Files Contact At the most general level, my interests are in social and personality psychology, centering around topics in interpersonal motivation and emotion.

Sociometer – Wikipedia

Social and Personality Psychology Compass2, For example, one of the principal objectives of men is to ensure their wives invest time and effort in rearing his children. Photo of Mark Leary File name: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, A terror management perspective on the roots of human social motivation. Show Hide Page Numbers. Wives who are not faithful, but engage in sexual infidelity, are less inclined to invest this time and effort.

The difference being that the control group of students chose if they 1 wanted to interact with the person or 2 dissociated from the person.

Sociometer theory proposes that self-esteem is a psychological gauge of the degree to which people perceive that they are relationally valued and socially accepted by other people. Much of my work lies at this interface. Impression Management and Interpersonal Behavior” reviews the growing literature on self-presentation.

Self and Identity8,