One of such is the Gadaa system of the Oromo People. . Hallpike, C. R., “ Review: The Origins of the Borana Gada System,” Reviewed. Oromo elites, Abba Gadaa (father of Gadaa), historians most often say that it is The Gada system is largely practised by the Oromo people. Was it a system used through out Oromia or was it prevalent in one region of Oromia The Gada system spread with the migration and intermingle of the Oromo.

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To sum up ‘Caacuu’ is a symbol of fertility and prosperity and also female ritual symbol according to Diinsa’s description. Gada is an indigenous system of human development on the basis of which the Oromo welfare system is institutionalized, communal wealth distributed, rules of resource protection and environmental conservation enforced and through which all their aspirations are fulfilled.

The Europeans provided the Abysinian chieftains with oeomo modern fire arms and military advisors that put the Oromo at a great dis-advantage. Gada system, an indigenous democratic socio- political system of the Oromo Name of the element in the language and script of the community concerned: It is difficult to tell when exactly Gadaa system began since is seens as an intrinsic element of the indigenous Oromo’s everyday lives and not an ‘institution’.

The Gada System distributes power across generations and down to community members, creates strong link between successive generations, and gives to the members of the community a sense of identity and oroko.

Problems and Purpose Discourses around the origin of democracy contain a clear binary separation between “us” and “them” which over-simplifies the complex gad evolution of political systems. In the Gadaa Systemm both Kallachaa and Caaccuu are the ritual materials used for demonstration of the Oromo society at large.

A futuristic, governance 2. Finally, upon completion of the series of deliberations he asks: The classes are taught by oral historians covering history, laws, rituals, time reckoning, cosmology, myths, rules of conduct, and the function of the Gada system.

The Gadaa System of the Oromo People

It also inscribed five programmes out of the seven proposed for inclusion on the register of best safeguarding practices. They also say investigating Oromo society without considering the Gadaa System is merely like a man walking without a skeleton.


Gada is the traditional social stratification system of Oromos in Ethiopia and northern Kenya ; it is also practiced by the Konso and Gedeo people of southern Ethiopia. We want the law! Reserches identified the distribution of power across age groups as one of these distinctive features. In the Gada System, the supremacy of the law is paramount and the equality of all before the law is sacrosanct. Unlike other, Western democratic systems, the Gadaa system has five permanent political parties whose members assume leadership once every eight years.

There are several inter-generational rules of the Oromo society under the Gada system of which the basic rule is the position of a man on the Gada cycle is always five grades forty years ahead of the syshem of his son.

Based upon this diction, it impossible to give precise meaning and definition of Gadaa. Discussion, Dialogue, or Deliberation.

GADAA – Socio-Political & Economic Structure of Oromo People – Oromo Community Organization

The principal responsibilities of the initiates or the? Some constituents of the Gadaa System. On the whole this stage is the stage of political and military leadership. The most remarkable account of Oromo military organization is to be found in the Chronicle of Emperor Sussenyos who in his youth grew up among the Oromo as war captive.?? Retrieved from ” https: So, both bear the same type of ritual leaders of Gadaa institution.

The knowledge and practices of the Gada System have been transmitted from generation to generation in various ways.

There is deep personal identification between the members of the class and their leadership. In our contemporary political system elections are conducted every five or four years in between which citizens often pay little attention to matters of government. Rule of laws in Gadaa System governance in such a way that every individual must systemm ‘Safuu’ moral values and ‘Seeraa’ law monitored by Qaalluu.

The Oromo had all sgstem in the 16 th? It is not openly possessed and publicized to see and significant to ensure peace in resolution process. This might be related to the ancient division of gaca.

On important occasions, members of the ruling Gada Councils and assemblies, active and retired, emphasize these themes and pass the knowledge through the words of mouth. As Kallachaa represents Waaqaa God Caaccuu represents earth. Views Read Edit View history. Gada is a complex system that incorporates pivotal institutions such as moggaasa naturalizationguddifacha adoptionaraara conflict resolutiongumaa reparationrakoo marriage law waaqeffannaa Oromo religion and Siinqee institution to safeguard women right.


All political, social and economic affairs of Oromo syetem institutions like adoption ‘Moggaasaa’conflict resolution ‘Araara’gadz ‘Gumaa’marriage law ‘Rakoo’Oromo religion ‘Waaqeffannaa”Irreeaaaa’, Siinqee and Marabbaa were make up of Gada system. Knowledge about the Gada system is transmitted to children in the home and at school.

Then, discussion on the proposed agenda takes place in a traditional and orderly manner which privileges those with seniority.

Skip to content Oromos syste, to discuss social affairs under the shades of an Odaa Sycamore tree. The Oromo socio-political structures had been dismantled by the Abyssinian conquerors that came from the north.

Ethiopia: Key Background Information On Gadaa System –

Its functions include but are not limited to reviewing laws at work, proclaiming new laws, impeaching the men in power, and settling major disputes that could not have been resolved at the lower levels of its judicial organ s. Discourses around the origin of democracy contain a clear binary separation between “us” and “them” which over-simplifies gaxa complex historical evolution of political systems.

The entire class progresses through eleven series grades. The centrality of the Gada system in Oromo social life gradually declined in many parts of Oromia and Gada political activities progressively transformed into simple life crisis and eystem.

For the Oromo today, Gada constitutes a dynamic living culture that regulate contemporary Oromo political, social, economic and religious life.

The transition is marked by a formal power transfer ceremony. The only thing that gains automatic consensus are ideas that are close to the commonly accepted moral values. The Gada Lromo does not contain any element that is incompatible with existing international human rights instruments. Major Oromo clans have established the centres of their Gada at several places based on their territorial settlement.