Philip M. Raup; Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective, Alexander Gerschenkron, Cambridge, The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, . Gerschenkron (), a differential behaviour in terms of accumulation, () emphasis on the fact that countries which had a late start would follow a. Gerschenkron, Alexander, , Economic Backwardness in Historical. Perspective.***. Lecture Three: Other Industrialized Countries than Britain. I. U.S.

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What has given it greater recent notice has been its broad scale generalization to the experience of gerdchenkron many late late-comers of the present Third World. Most of the students chose subject matter far from continental Europe. He was an exceptional reader, of good books and bad.

InGerschenkron and his family emigrated to the United States after the annexation alexadner Austria to the German Reich. Charles Gulicka professor at the University of California, Berkeleyinvited Gerschenkron to be his research assistant. His theory of economic backwardness contrasts strongly with other uniform stages theories, in particular Rostow’s stages of growth.

I summarize it here in four hypotheses: They introduced a new era of increased agricultural protection, which once again favored the peasants and Junkers. Gerschenkron studied many subjects, from history of economics, economics of the Soviet Union, statistics, Greek poetry, and a great deal in between.

The countries of Asia have managed to regain their position of primacy in global growth rates. Later in life he would pick up languages with ease—Swedish one week, Bulgarian the next.

But the important novelty, and a decisive point in his gerschenkro, was the invitation from Charles Gulick, a Berkeley professor whom he had earlier helped in his research in Austria, to come to the United States.

In addition to his vast knowledge of economic history, he also studied literature. His present reputation comes instead from his dedication to European economic history. But his performance at the gymnasium was not going well, until he encountered his future wife, Erica. His versatile analysis not only includes construction of ingenious industrial output indices and fruitful historical hypotheses an the index-number problem, but also original insights gleaned from a study of Soviet novels and a brilliant critique of “Doctor Zhivago.


Many of his students went on to have productive careers, and a good number of them have attained presidency of the Economic History Association.

Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective: A Book of Essays

Those who survived that complex relationship almost always emerged with deep affection and fond memories, even if the process was far from linear and continuous. Leading universities absorbed his students, who almost always have had productive subsequent careers.

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Those specific cases, in turn, bolstered his advocacy of a comparative, all-encompassing European structure. Gerschenkron himself frequently knew little of the economic theory or statistical techniques proposed.

This page was last edited on 27 Decemberat Close mobile search navigation Article navigation. Review of Economics and Statistics. Market criteria have dominated, as even a casual look at real interest rates within developing countries suggests.

He believes the Germans should include this program of the agricultural adjustment plan in the peace treaties and entrust its execution and supervision to an international economic agency.

CambridgeMassachusettsUnited States.

Alexander Gerschenkron – Wikipedia

Account Options Sign in. The Gerschenkron effect can arise with aggregation methods that use either a reference price structure or a reference volume structure to compare countries.

Not surprisingly, upon reaching alexaner mandatory retirement age of 65 inhe was offered a further five years. He also led evening seminars once a week in which his graduate students would discuss ideas for dissertations and evaluate quantitative techniques.


The essay deals with “economic backwardness”, and argued that the more backward an economy is at the outset of economic development, the more likely certain conditions are to occur. As the contemporary world continues to confront the problem of inadequate development, particularly over the last twenty years in Latin America and Africa, that special magic of nineteenth century backwardness stimulates greater appeal, and greater hope. The end of the economic history requirement in was another major disappointment.

He provided no topic, no suggestion of sources, no regular guidance, no timetable for conclusion. Alexanderr PDF first page preview. I summarize it here in four hypotheses:.

Email alerts New issue alert. This has not much altered the pattern of development.

Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective

But they are implicit in his efforts to pose the advantages of backwardness. American people of Russian-Jewish descent Austrian School economists Development economists Economic historians Jewish American historians Guggenheim Fellows Grschenkron University faculty births deaths 20th-century historians 20th-century American economists Distinguished Fellows of the American Economic Association. He flourished as the doyen of economic history in the United States. Gerschenkron stated that a country such as Russia, backward relative to Britain when it embarked on industrialization, did not go through the same stages.

Elements of modernity and backwardness could survive side by side, and did, in a systematic fashion. He found work in Vienna as a representative for a Belgian motorcycle firm. Citing articles via Google Scholar. Views Read Edit View history.